Sachin Bhosale
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How to add dependency to Helm Chart

Add postgresql chart dependency to helm chart

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Sachin Bhosale
·Nov 30, 2021·

3 min read

How to add dependency to Helm Chart

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Table of contents

  • Add dependency
  • Build dependency
  • Install Chart
  • Verify installation
  • Clean up

This is continuation to previous article. If you have not followed earlier steps, I would recommend to refer earlier article

Add dependency

In previous step we created chart for usermanagement application which uses built-in H2 database. However, we would like to use production grade database to have data persistence.

In this step we will add existing bitnami/postgresql chart and use it to provide persistence to our usermanagement application.

Let's add postgresql dependencies to existing Chart.yaml

charts/myapp/Chart.yaml

dependencies:
  - name: postgresql
    version: "10.13.8"
    repository: https://charts.bitnami.com/bitnami
    condition: postgresql.enabled

Append below values to existing values.yaml file. This configuration is based on postgresql subchart.

  • Make sure you use the same name, give in Chart.yaml dependencies.
  • You can refer the values.yaml of Postgresql chart
  • Parent chart can override the values of sub-chart

If you need to view bitnami/postgresql chart, you can download and unzip on your machine with below command, it creates postgresql charts directory.

You can refer the postgresql/values.yaml to override in your parent chart.

helm pull bitnami/postgresql --untar

charts/myapp/template/values.yaml

postgresql:
  enabled: true
  global:
    postgresql:
      postgresqlDatabase: "usersdb"
      postgresqlPassword: "Hello@123"
      postgresqlUsername: "userservice-pguser"
      servicePort: "5432"

UserManagement application uses embedded h2 database with default profile, if external database to be used kyma spring profile needs to be enabled.

  • Spring profile kyma expects external database configuration with below environment variables
    • DB_HOST, DB_NAME, MASTER_PASSWORD, MASTER_USERNAME

charts/myapp/template/deployment.yaml

          env:
            {{- if .Values.postgresql.enabled }}
            - name: SPRING_PROFILE
              value: "kyma"
            - name: DB_HOST
              value: "{{ .Release.Name}}-postgresql-headless"
            - name: DB_NAME
              value: {{ .Values.postgresql.global.postgresql.postgresqlDatabase | quote }}
            - name: MASTER_PASSWORD
              value: {{ .Values.postgresql.global.postgresql.postgresqlPassword | quote }}
            - name: MASTER_USERNAME
              value: {{ .Values.postgresql.global.postgresql.postgresqlUsername | quote }}
            - name: DB_PORT
              value: {{ .Values.postgresql.global.postgresql.servicePort | quote }}
            {{- end }}

Build dependency

Let's now build dependency to fetch the sub-chart. This command synchronizes between the desired dependencies and the actual dependencies stored in the charts/myapp/charts/ directory.

helm dependency update charts/myapp

Helm downloads the Postgresql chart postgresql-10.13.8.tgz in charts/myapp/chart directory and adds charts/myapp/Chart.lock file

charts/myapp
├── Chart.lock
├── Chart.yaml
├── charts
│   └── postgresql-10.13.8.tgz
...

Install Chart

Let's install helm chart with dependency to Kubernetes cluster. Below command should create postgresql resources along with usermanagement application.

helm install demo2 charts/myapp

Verify installation

You can follow the NOTES shown after installation and access the application using

Let's check all the resources installed with the helm chart. If you have only demo2 helm release then you should see below resources

$ kubectl get all
NAME                                     READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
pod/demo2-postgresql-0                   2/2     Running   0          11m
pod/demo2-user-service-c6468c69c-f8zqf   2/2     Running   0          11m

NAME                                TYPE        CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)    AGE
service/demo2-postgresql            ClusterIP   100.71.10.27    <none>        5432/TCP   11m
service/demo2-postgresql-headless   ClusterIP   None            <none>        5432/TCP   11m
service/demo2-user-service          ClusterIP   100.71.31.125   <none>        80/TCP     11m

NAME                                 READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
deployment.apps/demo2-user-service   1/1     1            1           11m

NAME                                           DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   AGE
replicaset.apps/demo2-user-service-c6468c69c   1         1         1       11m

NAME                                READY   AGE
statefulset.apps/demo2-postgresql   1/1     11m

Clean up

As a good practice, let's cleanup the resources with below command

helm uninstall demo2

We saw how we can add sub chart dependency to in your application helm chart. You can try applying to your application by adding other chart dependencies.

In next article, we'll see how we can release the chart so that it can be shared with others and to other Kubernetes cluster environments

You can visit next article on using GitHub Action CI-CD pipeline to package, test, and release helm chart to GitHub pages.

 
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